L'ancêtre de la pédale charleston date du 3ème siècle. Il s'agit du Scabellum qui a pour fonction d'indiquer la mesure aux danseurs !

En 1925, le deuxième pied du batteur est doté d'une pédale actionnant deux cymbales superposées. Le batteur mobilise enfin ses 4 membres, tel un véritable homme-orchestre des percussions. Vic Berton, percussionniste américain, publie un premier brevet appelé appareil d'orchestre qui actionne deux cymbales au ras du sol. Cette pédale est également appelée Snow shoe aux États-Unis. Les cymbales sont inclinées, leur contrôle est assez difficile et ne permet globalement que de les entrechoquer.

In a second step, with the Low Sock cymbal, also called Low boy, the cymbals are placed parallel to the horizontal. The first, fixed to the end of a rod, precisely shocks the cymbal below. In 1927, Walberg and Auge, accessory makers for the biggest US brands of the time, raised the cymbals on a tube of about 50 centimeters. This is the high hat that allows drummers to combine the opening/closing of the cymbals with the striking of the sticks. This accessory is called hi-hat pedal in France. A name probably given in reference to the dance that was very successful at the time. Curiously, no patent was filed for this invention, which nevertheless set the layout of the modern drum set.

In 1934, Max Elloy and ASBA proposed an alternative with a pedal that, thanks to a cable, allows the hi-hat to be placed wherever you want in the set. An ingenious system which will however win the support of the drummers only at the end of the 20th century.

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