Jelly Roll Morton, pianist, conductor, composer is one of the inventors of Jazz. He also claims to be at the origin of the discovery of the broom. Believing that his drummer was playing too hard, he would have thrown him a fly killer type broom used to fight against the mosquitoes carrying malaria which was rampant at the time.
The drummer appropriated it and the sound produced, with a soft tone, was convincing. The brooms allow to play with a continuous sound by rubbing the metal strands on the drumhead. In 1913, Louis Allis and Adolf R Wiens filed a patent for the retractable broom, which is very similar to the one used today. In 1927, Baby Dodds in the trio of Jelly roll Morton records the first piece where he plays with brooms.
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