Tunning the Snare Drum:
Turn the snare drum over and begin by setting the resonant drumhead. Lower the tone and place a drumstick between the drumhead and the tone (the drumstick rests on the hoop). This way the buzz of the timbre will not interfere with the tuning of the drumhead. Tighten the tie rods, 2 by 2 (one tie rod and its opposite) with your fingers at the maximum. Take the tunning key and turn each tie rod clockwise half a turn, one tie rod and its opposite. Check the tension of each tie rod, the tuning must be homogeneous and produce the same note. Repeat this 4 times (at the end, there will be 2 turns of the keys on each bar). It is advisable to tighten the drumhead as much as possible, you will get an open sound in all amplitudes, from the fattest to the most tense. Recheck the tension of each tie rod, it must be the same everywhere.
Now let's move on to the drumhead. Remove the drumstick and turn the snare drum over. Proceed exactly as for the drumhead. Half turn of the key, draw and opposite draw, in a star shape. Depending on the tone you want, repeat 1 or 3 times. Engage the timbre, tighten or loosen the knob. If you tighten the timbre, the sound will be dry, if you loosen it, the resonance of the timbre will be longer. This is an "academic" version of setting up a snare drum, each drummer has his own tricks, it is up to you to experiment.
Tuning the toms:
Get a drum tuning key. Then, turn down the snare drum. Start by adjusting the resonant drumhead of the high tom. Squeeze each pull tab with your fingers to the maximum (in a star pattern, i.e. pull tab and opposite pull tab) in a clockwise direction. Depending on the drumhead model used, press the center strongly with your palm to crack the glue on the drumhead. Tighten the tie rods again with your fingers, still in a star pattern.
With the wrench, turn half a turn on the first tie rod. Do the same on the opposite tie rod. Tune in a star pattern so that the tension is the same on all the tie rods. In the end, the drumhead must fit the barrel evenly. Very important: the drumhead banding must be parallel to the chamfer (the edge of the barrel) on the entire barrel. Depending on the desired pitch, make 1, 1-1/2 or 2 turns of the keys on each tie rod (always in a star pattern). Check that the tension of each tie rod is identical by tapping in front of the tie rod, 3cm from the edge. The note pitch must be the same in front of each bar. Pay attention to the tuning of the drumhead, which plays a crucial role in the projection and sustain (length of the note) of the final sound. Do the same with the drumhead. The tension of the drumhead affects the pitch of the note. The tension of the drumhead affects the sustain.
Result obtained according to the tension of the 2 drumheads:
Tuned at the same pitch: optimal sound and sustain
- Lower tuned drumhead: increases the sustain and the bass.
- Resonance drumhead tuned higher: shorter note length.
Do the same for each tom.
Adjusting the bass drum:
Place your fist and force slightly on the center of the drumhead. Creases appear on the edge of the drum. Hold the pressure and make them disappear by squeezing and pulling in a clockwise star pattern. When the drumhead wrinkles have disappeared, release the pressure. Do the same with the resonance drumhead.
Refine your sound: loosen the drumhead for attack and bass. Tighten the drumhead a little more to get some midrange.
Note: If there is a decompression vent (hole in the drumhead), there will be less sustain and the sound will be more controllable (but less open).